INVASIVE, NON-INVASIVE OR MINIMALLY INVASIVE? KNOW YOUR OPTIONS.
Undergoing surgery or any medical procedure can be a worrying time, but knowing what to expect during and after the process helps you to be well-prepared. What you experience and how each process affects you depend on the methods and technologies used to diagnose or treat a specific illness or injury. Broadly speaking, these different procedures are performed in one or a combination of three ways – invasive, non-invasive or minimally invasive.
Medical procedures that are non-surgical are deemed non-invasive. Diagnostic physical examination and imaging studies, such as Ultrasounds and rehabilitative treatments such as chiropractic manipulation are examples of non-invasive procedures. Quite simply, they are non-invasive because they do not break the skin in a way that surgery does.
In surgical procedures, major open surgeries are highly invasive as they require the surgeons to make long incisions to the body.
However, with remarkable technological developments, a third choice, the less invasive surgical option, has been made available through Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS). Here, incisions are small and the procedure is performed by a specialist MIS surgeon. As a result, patients can expect to experience less post-operation pain and heal faster.
MINIMALLY INVASIVE SURGERY – WHERE LESS IS MORE
MIS has transformed the surgical world, giving more benefits to patients. MIS is performed in General Surgery and across a broad spectrum of specialties such as Gynaecology, Orthopaedic and Urology. Instruments and methods are varied, but overall, their technological superiority ensures minimal damage to structures whilst striving to attain the same results as open surgeries. Among the commonly known MIS procedures are Laparoscopy in General Surgery and Arthroscopy in Orthopaedics. These are also referred to as Key Hole Surgery.
During MIS, a miniature camera (endoscope, laparoscope or arthroscope) attached to a long thin tube, is inserted through one of the small incisions. The projected image on a monitor gives surgeons a magnified view of the surgical area. In the skilful hands of an MIS specialist, state-of-the art surgical tools are inserted into the body through small incisions of around 0.5–1.5cm and, with the aid of the camera, treatment can be carried out without causing extensive damage to the tissues.
MIS has given patients a wide range of advantages not found in conventional surgical procedures, including reduced pain and rapid discovery after surgery.