Orthopaedic surgeons first introduced Minimally Invasive Surgery in their operating rooms in the 1970s. Since then, Arthroscopic surgery, a procedure used to treat joint problems and disorders using small incisions, have become standard practice in orthopaedic surgical procedures.
With the use of state-of-the art instrumentation, Arthroscopy has revolutionised the treatment of knee, shoulder, hip, elbow, ankle and wrist. Whether it is the cartilage or ligament that needs repairing, Arthroscopic incisions are limited to the specific problem areas, minimising tissue damage and resulting in less swelling and stiffness in joints as experienced after open surgeries.
The key instrument is the arthroscope, a fibro optic camera which is inserted into the joint through tiny incisions and provides surgeons with a magnified view of the interior of the joint via a monitor – a factor which gives Arthroscopy the edge over conventional orthopaedic surgery.
With Athroscopy’s minimally invasive techniques, patients with sports or other physical injuries and disorders can return to full function in a short time.
TYPES OF M.I.S IN ORTHOPAEDIC SURGERY
- Knee Arthroscopy
– Precision method brings swift knee recovery
The preferred surgical option to treat knee injuries and joint problems today is Knee Arthroscopy. As compared to conventional surgery which cuts through large sections of the knee structure, arthroscopy’s precision surgery is designed to cause minimal damage to tissues. This results in reduced post-operation pain and rapid recovery.
Surgeons make small incisions in the knee joints, and, with the aid of a small camera called the arthroscope, miniature surgical instruments are inserted inside the joints to target problematic areas, which are projected on a screen. Repair work is then performed.
Knee arthroscopy is used to treat a range of knee problems such as meniscus tears, arthritis and ailments related to damaged cartilage and ligaments.
- Shoulder Arthroscopy
– Diagnosis, treatment and prevention with minimal distress
Since the 1970s, Arthroscopy has been commonly used to treat a range of simple and complex joint problems in the shoulder. The Minimally Invasive technology used in Shoulder Arthroscopy ensures accuracy and efficiency in the diagnosis and treatment of shoulder injuries such as torn cartilage, frozen shoulder, frayed or inflamed biceps.
The arthroscope or miniature camera and tiny surgical tools inserted into the shoulder joint ensure surgical precision during the procedure. Additionally, the small incisions administered help to lessen post-operation impact and promote rapid healing as a result of reduced bleeding and tissue damage.
This Minimally Invasive type of surgery is also used as a preventative move to stop further deterioration of the joint in the shoulder.
- Ankle Arthroscopy
– Ankle problems efficiently treated with surgical precision
Ankle Arthroscopy is a Minimally Invasive surgical procedure which uses keyhole incisions to diagnose and treat conditions related to the ankle. Using state-of-the art technology, it relies on a fibre-optic camera and surgical tools which are small enough to be inserted into the ankle joints for efficient treatment.
As ankle arthroscopy is performed without the need for large incisions to investigate and repair the insides of an ankle, this procedure minimises damage to nerves, vessels and tissues around the ankle. The small incisions reduce bleeding and pain is minimised. As a result, patients heal faster.
Ankle arthroscopy is commonly performed to treat arthritis, ankle pain and impingement and repair ligament tears.
Minimally invasive surgery is becoming increasingly common in hospitals worldwide. While MIS procedures are on the rise, they require a specific skill set that can take years to master. We have a team of highly trained specialists who are dedicated to helping improve patient outcomes through MIS. If you are in need of surgery, visit here to speak to our Orthopaedic & Trauma Surgeons on your surgery options.