A congenital heart defect is a problem with the structure of the heart. It is present at birth. Congenital heart defects are the most common type of birth defect. The defects can involve the walls of the heart, the valves of the heart, and the arteries and veins near the heart.
Many congenital heart defects cause few or no signs and symptoms. They are often not diagnosed until children are older. Over the past few decades, the diagnosis and treatment of these complex defects has greatly improved. As a result, almost all children who have complex heart defects survive to adulthood and can live active, productive lives.
Pulse oximetry newborn screening is a non-invasive test that measures how much oxygen is in the blood and can help to identify babies that may be affected with CHD before they leave the newborn nursery.
If detected early, infants affected with CHD can often be treated and lead longer, healthier lives.
3 out of 1,000 babies have a critical congenital cardiac lesions.
Critical CHD requires treatment within the first year of life.
Treatment for children with CHD depends on the type of the defect, how severe it is, and a child's age, size, and general health. It can include medicines, catheter procedures, surgery, and heart transplants. Some children who have complex congenital heart defects may need several catheter or surgical procedures over a period of years, or they may need to take medicines for years.
Our doctors are qualified to address any concerns you have or speak to you about treatments available if your child is diagnosed with a congenital heart defect.